Background and aims: Cholemic nephropathy is a cause of acute kidney injury occurring in patients with jaundice. The aim of this study was to evaluate early renal function impairment in patients with mild acute hyperbilirubinemia in the absence of alterations of the common parameters used in clinical practice (serum creatinine or urea) and with normal renal morphology. We studied urinary biomarkers of tubular damage urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (u-NGAL), urinary beta-2-microglobulin (u-B2M), urinary osteopontin (u-OPN), urinary trefoil factor 3 (u-TFF3) and urinary Cystatin C (u-Cys). Methods: This is a case-control study investigating the following urinary biomarkers of tubular damage: u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3 and u-Cys, in patients with mild acute hyperbilirubinemia. Seventy-four patients were included in this study: 36 patients with jaundice and 38 patients without jaundice. Results: Subjects with jaundice (total bilirubin 12.4 ± 7.3 mg/dL) showed higher u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3 and u-Cys compared with controls. After logistic regression analyses, including the following independent variables: age, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), haemoglobin, diabetes, hypertension and jaundice, we observed a higher risk of elevated u-NGAL values (OR = 3.8, 95% CI 1.07-13.5, p = .03) and u-B2M (OR = 9.4, 95% CI 2.3-38.9, p = .0018) in jaundiced subjects. Moreover, urinary biomarkers had a direct correlation with serum cholestasis indexes. Conclusions: This study demonstrated increased urinary biomarkers of tubular damage (u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3, and u-Cys) in patients with mild hyperbilirubinemia in comparison with a control group. These findings suggest early renal tubular damage in the absence of alterations of the normal parameters used in clinical practice (eGFR, serum urea and renal morphology).

Acute hyperbilirubinemia determines an early subclinical renal damage: Evaluation of tubular biomarkers in cholemic nephropathy

Scilletta, Sabrina;Leggio, Stefano;Di Marco, Maurizio;Miano, Nicoletta;Musmeci, Marco;Bosco, Giosiana;Di Giacomo Barbagallo, Francesco;Scamporrino, Alessandra;Di Mauro, Stefania
Methodology
;
Filippello, Agnese;Scicali, Roberto;Spadaro, Luisa;Purrello, Francesco;Piro, Salvatore;Di Pino, Antonino
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background and aims: Cholemic nephropathy is a cause of acute kidney injury occurring in patients with jaundice. The aim of this study was to evaluate early renal function impairment in patients with mild acute hyperbilirubinemia in the absence of alterations of the common parameters used in clinical practice (serum creatinine or urea) and with normal renal morphology. We studied urinary biomarkers of tubular damage urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (u-NGAL), urinary beta-2-microglobulin (u-B2M), urinary osteopontin (u-OPN), urinary trefoil factor 3 (u-TFF3) and urinary Cystatin C (u-Cys). Methods: This is a case-control study investigating the following urinary biomarkers of tubular damage: u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3 and u-Cys, in patients with mild acute hyperbilirubinemia. Seventy-four patients were included in this study: 36 patients with jaundice and 38 patients without jaundice. Results: Subjects with jaundice (total bilirubin 12.4 ± 7.3 mg/dL) showed higher u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3 and u-Cys compared with controls. After logistic regression analyses, including the following independent variables: age, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), haemoglobin, diabetes, hypertension and jaundice, we observed a higher risk of elevated u-NGAL values (OR = 3.8, 95% CI 1.07-13.5, p = .03) and u-B2M (OR = 9.4, 95% CI 2.3-38.9, p = .0018) in jaundiced subjects. Moreover, urinary biomarkers had a direct correlation with serum cholestasis indexes. Conclusions: This study demonstrated increased urinary biomarkers of tubular damage (u-NGAL, u-B2M, u-OPN, u-TFF3, and u-Cys) in patients with mild hyperbilirubinemia in comparison with a control group. These findings suggest early renal tubular damage in the absence of alterations of the normal parameters used in clinical practice (eGFR, serum urea and renal morphology).
2024
acute kidney injury
cholemic nephropathy
jaundice
urinary biomarker
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/612969
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