Methoxycarbonyl-1-phenyl-2-cyclopropylmethyl based derivatives cis-(+)-1a [cis-(+)-MR200], cis-(-)-1a [cis-(-)-MR201], and trans-(±)-1a [trans-(±)-MR204], have been identified as new potent sigma (σ) receptor ligands. In the present paper, novel enantiomerically pure analogues were synthesized and optimized for their σ receptor affinity and selectivity. Docking studies rationalized the results obtained in the radioligand binding assay. Absolute stereochemistry was unequivocally established by X-ray analysis of precursor trans-(+)-5a as camphorsulfonyl derivative 9. The most promising compound, trans-(+)-1d, showed remarkable selectivity over a panel of more than 15 receptors as well as good chemical and enzymatic stability in human plasma. An in vivo evaluation evidenced that trans-(+)-1d, in contrast to trans-(-)-1d, cis-(+)-1d, or cis-(-)-1d, which behave as σ1antagonists, exhibited a σ1agonist profile. These data clearly demonstrated that compound trans-(+)-1d, due to its σ1agonist activity and favorable receptor selectivity and stability, provided an useful tool for the study of σ1receptors.

(+)-Methyl (1R,2S)-2-{[4-(4-Chlorophenyl)-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]methyl}-1-phenylcyclopropanecarboxylate [(+)-MR200] Derivatives as Potent and Selective Sigma Receptor Ligands: Stereochemistry and Pharmacological Properties

Amata Emanuele;Rescifina Antonio;Prezzavento Orazio;Arena Emanuela;Dichiara Maria;Pittalà Valeria;Punzo Francesco;Marrazzo Agostino
2018

Abstract

Methoxycarbonyl-1-phenyl-2-cyclopropylmethyl based derivatives cis-(+)-1a [cis-(+)-MR200], cis-(-)-1a [cis-(-)-MR201], and trans-(±)-1a [trans-(±)-MR204], have been identified as new potent sigma (σ) receptor ligands. In the present paper, novel enantiomerically pure analogues were synthesized and optimized for their σ receptor affinity and selectivity. Docking studies rationalized the results obtained in the radioligand binding assay. Absolute stereochemistry was unequivocally established by X-ray analysis of precursor trans-(+)-5a as camphorsulfonyl derivative 9. The most promising compound, trans-(+)-1d, showed remarkable selectivity over a panel of more than 15 receptors as well as good chemical and enzymatic stability in human plasma. An in vivo evaluation evidenced that trans-(+)-1d, in contrast to trans-(-)-1d, cis-(+)-1d, or cis-(-)-1d, which behave as σ1antagonists, exhibited a σ1agonist profile. These data clearly demonstrated that compound trans-(+)-1d, due to its σ1agonist activity and favorable receptor selectivity and stability, provided an useful tool for the study of σ1receptors.
Molecular Medicine; Drug Discovery3003 Pharmaceutical Science
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/315772
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