Aim: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG)'s accuracy compared to conventional electroencephalography (cEEG) has not been fully established. The aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review on the sensitivity of the aEEG for neonatal seizure detection. Methods: Studies from PubMed and Google Scholar databases comparing recordings of cEEG and aEEG in newborns were included according to the PRISMA method. A quality assessment using the QUADAS-2 tool was provided. A random-effect model was used to account for different sources of variations among studies. Publication biases were represented by a funnel plot, and funnel plot symmetry was assessed. Results: Fourteen studies were reported; sensitivity of each diagnostic tool used (single-channel aEEG, two-channel aEEG, two-channel aEEG plus raw trace EEG) was compared to that of the gold-standard cEEG and to those of the other methods used. Overall sensitivity of the aEEG ranged from 31.25% to 90%. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence that sensitivity of aEEG varies significantly and that seizure detection rate is lower than that of cEEG. The two-channel aEEG with raw trace EEG shows a high sensitivity and might represent a valid alternative to the cEEG in the setting of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

aEEG vs cEEG's sensivity for seizure detection in the setting of neonatal intensive care units: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Falsaperla, Raffaele;Scalia, Bruna;Giaccone, Fabiola;Pulvirenti, Alfredo;Ruggieri, Martino
2022-01-01

Abstract

Aim: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG)'s accuracy compared to conventional electroencephalography (cEEG) has not been fully established. The aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review on the sensitivity of the aEEG for neonatal seizure detection. Methods: Studies from PubMed and Google Scholar databases comparing recordings of cEEG and aEEG in newborns were included according to the PRISMA method. A quality assessment using the QUADAS-2 tool was provided. A random-effect model was used to account for different sources of variations among studies. Publication biases were represented by a funnel plot, and funnel plot symmetry was assessed. Results: Fourteen studies were reported; sensitivity of each diagnostic tool used (single-channel aEEG, two-channel aEEG, two-channel aEEG plus raw trace EEG) was compared to that of the gold-standard cEEG and to those of the other methods used. Overall sensitivity of the aEEG ranged from 31.25% to 90%. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence that sensitivity of aEEG varies significantly and that seizure detection rate is lower than that of cEEG. The two-channel aEEG with raw trace EEG shows a high sensitivity and might represent a valid alternative to the cEEG in the setting of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).
2022
CFM
EEG monitoring
electroencephalography
neonatal seizures
sensitivity
specificity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/573430
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