The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of two antagonistic yeasts, Metschnikowia pulcherrima strain MPR3 and M. fructicola strain NRRL Y-27328 (commercial product NOLI), applied in addition to the “on-farm biological treatments” (BIO) carried out during the production season, for the containment of powdery mildew and grey mould diseases on organic table grapes ‘Italia’. The yeast strains were applied in the field three times, and their efficacy was evaluated during the production season and under postharvest conditions. Overall, M. pulcherrima MPR3 combined with BIO treatments reduced disease incidence caused by Erysiphe necator and disease incidence and severity caused by Botrytis cinerea with values between 67.8% and 86.2%, showing higher efficacy than BIO treatments applied alone and in combination with NOLI. Field treatments based on BIO+MPR3 maintained their performance also during fruit storage, protecting grape berries from grey mould development to a greater extent than the other treatments (disease reduction of about 98%). Thus, the presence of M. pulcherrima MPR3 seems to improve disease management both in the field and in postharvest environments, without negative impacts on grape microbial communities. These findings highlight the potential of M. pulcherrima MPR3 as a promising alternative strategy for disease control in organic vineyards and in postharvest, providing sustainable solutions to improve food quality and safety.

Biocontrol Efficacy of Metschnikowia spp. Yeasts in Organic Vineyards against Major Airborne Diseases of Table Grapes in the Field and in Postharvest

Lombardo M. F.
Primo
;
Panebianco S.
Secondo
;
Restuccia C.
Penultimo
;
Cirvilleri G.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of two antagonistic yeasts, Metschnikowia pulcherrima strain MPR3 and M. fructicola strain NRRL Y-27328 (commercial product NOLI), applied in addition to the “on-farm biological treatments” (BIO) carried out during the production season, for the containment of powdery mildew and grey mould diseases on organic table grapes ‘Italia’. The yeast strains were applied in the field three times, and their efficacy was evaluated during the production season and under postharvest conditions. Overall, M. pulcherrima MPR3 combined with BIO treatments reduced disease incidence caused by Erysiphe necator and disease incidence and severity caused by Botrytis cinerea with values between 67.8% and 86.2%, showing higher efficacy than BIO treatments applied alone and in combination with NOLI. Field treatments based on BIO+MPR3 maintained their performance also during fruit storage, protecting grape berries from grey mould development to a greater extent than the other treatments (disease reduction of about 98%). Thus, the presence of M. pulcherrima MPR3 seems to improve disease management both in the field and in postharvest environments, without negative impacts on grape microbial communities. These findings highlight the potential of M. pulcherrima MPR3 as a promising alternative strategy for disease control in organic vineyards and in postharvest, providing sustainable solutions to improve food quality and safety.
2023
biocontrol yeasts
Botrytis cinerea
Erysiphe necator
Metschnikowia fructicola
Metschnikowia pulcherrima
organic grape
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/578070
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