In this paper, we investigated the hypothesis that pseudouridine isoxazolidinyl nucleoside analogues could act as potential inhibitors of the pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase. This purpose was pursued using molecular modeling and in silico ADME-Tox profiling. From these studies emerged that the isoxazolidinyl derivative 1 5'-monophosphate can be effectively accommodated within the active site of the enzyme with a ligand efficiency higher than that of the natural substrate. In this context, the poor nucleofugality of the N-protonated isoxazolidine prevents or slows down, the first mechanistic step proposed for the degradation of the pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase, leading to the enzyme inhibition. Finally, the results of the physicochemical and ADME-Tox informative analysis pointed out that compound 1 is weakly bounded to plasma protein, only moderately permeate the blood-brain barrier, and is non-carcinogen in rat and mouse. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that introduces the possibility of inhibition of pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase by a molecule that competing with the natural substrate hinders the glycosidic C-C bond cleavage.

Molecular modeling studies of pseudouridine isoxazolidinyl nucleoside analogues as potential inhibitors of the pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase

Floresta Giuseppe;Pistarà Venerando;Amata Emanuele;Dichiara Maria;Damigella Arcangelo;Marrazzo Agostino;Prezzavento Orazio;Punzo Francesco
;
Rescifina Antonio
2018

Abstract

In this paper, we investigated the hypothesis that pseudouridine isoxazolidinyl nucleoside analogues could act as potential inhibitors of the pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase. This purpose was pursued using molecular modeling and in silico ADME-Tox profiling. From these studies emerged that the isoxazolidinyl derivative 1 5'-monophosphate can be effectively accommodated within the active site of the enzyme with a ligand efficiency higher than that of the natural substrate. In this context, the poor nucleofugality of the N-protonated isoxazolidine prevents or slows down, the first mechanistic step proposed for the degradation of the pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase, leading to the enzyme inhibition. Finally, the results of the physicochemical and ADME-Tox informative analysis pointed out that compound 1 is weakly bounded to plasma protein, only moderately permeate the blood-brain barrier, and is non-carcinogen in rat and mouse. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper that introduces the possibility of inhibition of pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase by a molecule that competing with the natural substrate hinders the glycosidic C-C bond cleavage.
ADME-Tox; In silico profiling; Isoxazolidinyl nucleoside analogues; Pseudouridine; Pseudouridine 5'-monophosphate glycosidase; Biochemistry; Molecular Medicine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/314720
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