(+)-(2S,6S,11S)- and (-)-(2R,6R,11R)-Benzomorphan derivatives have a different binding affinity for sigma-1 (σ1R) and opioid receptors, respectively. In this study, we describe the synthesis of the (+)-enantiomer [(+)-LP1] of the benzomorphan MOR agonist/DOR antagonist LP1 [(-)-LP1]. The binding affinity of both (+)-LP1 and (-)-LP1 for σ1R and sigma-2 receptor (σ2R) was tested. Moreover, (+)-LP1 opioid receptor binding affinity was also investigated. Finally, (+)-LP1 was tested in a mouse model of inflammatory pain. Our results showed a nanomolar σ1R and binding affinity for (+)-LP1. Both (+)-LP1 and (-)-LP1 elicited a significant analgesic effect in a formalin test. Differently from (-)-LP1, the analgesic effect of (+)-LP1 was not reversed by naloxone, suggesting a σ1R antagonist profile. Furthermore, σ1R agonist PRE-084 was able to unmask the σ1R antagonistic component of the benzomorphan compound. (+)-LP1 could constitute an useful lead compound to develop new analgesics based on mechanisms of action alternative to opioid receptor activation.

Exploiting the Power of Stereochemistry in Drug Action: 3-[(2S,6S,11S)-8-Hydroxy-6,11-dimethyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2,6-methano-3-benzazocin-3(2H)-yl]-N-phenylpropanamide as Potent Sigma-1 Receptor Antagonist

Turnaturi R.
Primo
;
Pasquinucci L.;Chiechio S.;Grasso M.;Marrazzo A.;Amata E.;Dichiara M.;Parenti C.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

(+)-(2S,6S,11S)- and (-)-(2R,6R,11R)-Benzomorphan derivatives have a different binding affinity for sigma-1 (σ1R) and opioid receptors, respectively. In this study, we describe the synthesis of the (+)-enantiomer [(+)-LP1] of the benzomorphan MOR agonist/DOR antagonist LP1 [(-)-LP1]. The binding affinity of both (+)-LP1 and (-)-LP1 for σ1R and sigma-2 receptor (σ2R) was tested. Moreover, (+)-LP1 opioid receptor binding affinity was also investigated. Finally, (+)-LP1 was tested in a mouse model of inflammatory pain. Our results showed a nanomolar σ1R and binding affinity for (+)-LP1. Both (+)-LP1 and (-)-LP1 elicited a significant analgesic effect in a formalin test. Differently from (-)-LP1, the analgesic effect of (+)-LP1 was not reversed by naloxone, suggesting a σ1R antagonist profile. Furthermore, σ1R agonist PRE-084 was able to unmask the σ1R antagonistic component of the benzomorphan compound. (+)-LP1 could constitute an useful lead compound to develop new analgesics based on mechanisms of action alternative to opioid receptor activation.
Benzomorphan; configuration; formalin; opioid; pain; sigma-2 receptor
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/413398
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact