Table olive brines, inoculated with six different starters of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) or spontaneously fermented, have been used as isolating source of killer yeasts throughout the fermentation process (120 d). Killer yeast isolates were identified and evaluated for technological and probiotic traits. Although the count of yeast population did not markedly vary among the different vessels and over time, the killer yeast phenotype was mainly present in yeast strains isolated from spontaneous fermentation; the number of killer isolates decreased over fermentation time. Killer phenotype was found in species identified as Pichia kluyveri, Zygoascus hellenicus, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Pichia membranifaciens, Candida boidinii, Candida diddensiae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Among all tested isolates, W. anomalus strains evidenced the widest spectrum of enzymatic activities and the highest β-glucosidase and phtytase activity. These strains evidenced also the best growth at low pH and increasing bile salt concentration, when grown at 37 °C, as well as the most constant viability index (%) during in vitro digestion.

Killer yeasts isolated from olive brines: Technological and probiotic aptitudes

Parafati L.;Palmeri R.;Restuccia C.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Table olive brines, inoculated with six different starters of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) or spontaneously fermented, have been used as isolating source of killer yeasts throughout the fermentation process (120 d). Killer yeast isolates were identified and evaluated for technological and probiotic traits. Although the count of yeast population did not markedly vary among the different vessels and over time, the killer yeast phenotype was mainly present in yeast strains isolated from spontaneous fermentation; the number of killer isolates decreased over fermentation time. Killer phenotype was found in species identified as Pichia kluyveri, Zygoascus hellenicus, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Pichia membranifaciens, Candida boidinii, Candida diddensiae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Among all tested isolates, W. anomalus strains evidenced the widest spectrum of enzymatic activities and the highest β-glucosidase and phtytase activity. These strains evidenced also the best growth at low pH and increasing bile salt concentration, when grown at 37 °C, as well as the most constant viability index (%) during in vitro digestion.
2022
Enzyme assays
Killer phenotype
Probiotic traits
Table olives
Yeast identification
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/515718
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