The development of σ1 receptor antagonists hybridized with a H2S-donor is here reported. We aimed to obtain improved analgesic effects when compared to σ1 receptor antagonists or H2S-donors alone. In an in vivo model of sensory hypersensitivity, thioamide 1a induced analgesia which was synergistically enhanced when associated with the σ1 receptor antagonist BD-1063. The selective σ1 receptor agonist PRE-084 completely reversed this effect. Four thioamide H2S-σ1 receptor hybrids (5a−8a) and their amide derivatives (5b−8b) were synthesized. Compound 7a (AD164) robustly released H2S and showed selectivity for σ1 receptor over σ2 and opioid receptors. This compound induced marked analgesia that was reversed by PRE-084. The amide analogue 7b (AD163) showed only minimal analgesia. Further studies showed that 7a exhibited negligible acute toxicity, together with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile. To the best of our knowledge, compound 7a is the first dual-acting ligand with simultaneous H2S-release and σ1 antagonistic activities.

Dual Sigma-1 receptor antagonists and hydrogen sulfide-releasing compounds for pain treatment: Design, synthesis, and pharmacological evaluation

Dichiara Maria;Turnaturi Rita;Pasquinucci Lorella;Barbaraci Carla;Marrazzo Agostino;Amata Emanuele.
2022

Abstract

The development of σ1 receptor antagonists hybridized with a H2S-donor is here reported. We aimed to obtain improved analgesic effects when compared to σ1 receptor antagonists or H2S-donors alone. In an in vivo model of sensory hypersensitivity, thioamide 1a induced analgesia which was synergistically enhanced when associated with the σ1 receptor antagonist BD-1063. The selective σ1 receptor agonist PRE-084 completely reversed this effect. Four thioamide H2S-σ1 receptor hybrids (5a−8a) and their amide derivatives (5b−8b) were synthesized. Compound 7a (AD164) robustly released H2S and showed selectivity for σ1 receptor over σ2 and opioid receptors. This compound induced marked analgesia that was reversed by PRE-084. The amide analogue 7b (AD163) showed only minimal analgesia. Further studies showed that 7a exhibited negligible acute toxicity, together with a favorable pharmacokinetic profile. To the best of our knowledge, compound 7a is the first dual-acting ligand with simultaneous H2S-release and σ1 antagonistic activities.
Analgesia
Antagonist
Dual ligands
Hydrogen sulfide donor
Sigma-1 receptor
Animals
Guinea Pigs
Hydrogen
Ligands
Male
Morpholines
Pain
Piperazines
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Hydrogen Sulfide
Receptors, sigma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/523821
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