In our continuing effort to develop novel sigma receptor (SR) ligands, we present the design, synthesis and binding studies of a small library of aminopropylcarboxamide derivatives, obtained from a deconstruction of the piperidine ring of previously synthesized piperidine-based compounds. The best results were achieved with benzofuran (5c, 5g) and quinoline (5a, 5e) derivatives. These compounds revealed the highest affinity for both receptor subtypes. In particular, the 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl derivatives 5e and 5g showed the highest selectivity profile for S2R, especially the quinoline derivative 5e exhibited a 35-fold higher affinity for S2R subtype. The cytotoxic activity of aforementioned compounds was evaluated against SKBR3 and MCF7 cell lines, widely used for breast cancer studies. Whereas the potency of 5g was similar that of Siramesine and Haloperidol in both cell lines, compounds 5a, 5c and 5e exhibited a potency at least comparable to that of Haloperidol in SKBR3 cells. A molecular modelling evaluation towards the S2R binding site, confirmed the strong interaction of compound 5e thus justifying its highest S2R affinity.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel aminopropylcarboxamide derivatives as sigma ligands

Amata Emanuele;Dichiara Maria;Marrazzo Agostino;Pasquinucci Lorella;Turnaturi Rita;
2022

Abstract

In our continuing effort to develop novel sigma receptor (SR) ligands, we present the design, synthesis and binding studies of a small library of aminopropylcarboxamide derivatives, obtained from a deconstruction of the piperidine ring of previously synthesized piperidine-based compounds. The best results were achieved with benzofuran (5c, 5g) and quinoline (5a, 5e) derivatives. These compounds revealed the highest affinity for both receptor subtypes. In particular, the 3,4-dimethoxyphenyl derivatives 5e and 5g showed the highest selectivity profile for S2R, especially the quinoline derivative 5e exhibited a 35-fold higher affinity for S2R subtype. The cytotoxic activity of aforementioned compounds was evaluated against SKBR3 and MCF7 cell lines, widely used for breast cancer studies. Whereas the potency of 5g was similar that of Siramesine and Haloperidol in both cell lines, compounds 5a, 5c and 5e exhibited a potency at least comparable to that of Haloperidol in SKBR3 cells. A molecular modelling evaluation towards the S2R binding site, confirmed the strong interaction of compound 5e thus justifying its highest S2R affinity.
Affinity
Aminopropylcarboxamide
Cytotoxicity
Molecular modelling
Selectivity
Sigma receptor
Haloperidol
Ligands
Piperidines
Structure-Activity Relationship
Quinolines
Receptors, sigma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/536666
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