In the present study, a kiwifruit aqueous extract was developed and used as a coagulant enzyme in cheesemaking. In detail, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was used to investigate the presence of actinidin, the kiwifruit enzyme involved in -casein hydrolysis, in different tissues (pulp, peel, and whole fruit) of ripe and unripe kiwifruits. Data revealed the presence of the enzyme both in the peel and in the pulp of the fruit. Although the aqueous extract obtained from the kiwifruit peel was able to hydrolyze semi-skimmed milk, it did not break down -casein. The aqueous extract obtained from the pulp showed a hydrolytic activity toward both -casein and semi-skimmed milk. The values for milk-clotting and proteolytic activity of the kiwifruit pulp extract were evaluated at different temperatures and pH parameters in order to obtain a high value of the MCA/PA ratio; we found that a temperature of 40 C in combination with a pH value of 5.5 allowed us to obtain the best performance. In addition, the data revealed a higher hydrolytic activity of the enzymatic preparation from ripe kiwifruits than that from unripe ones, suggesting the use of the extract from pulp of ripe kiwifruits in the laboratory-scale cheesemaking. The data showed that 3% (v/v) of the ripe kiwifruit pulp extract determined a curd yield of 20.27%, comparable to chymosin yield. In conclusion, the extraction procedure for kiwifruit aqueous extract proposed in the present study was shown to be a fast, cheap, chemical-free, and ecofriendly technology as a plant coagulant for cheese manufacturing.

An Easy and Cheap Kiwi-Based Preparation as Vegetable Milk Coagulant: Preliminary Study at the Laboratory Scale

Fabrizio Domenico Nicosia
Primo
;
Ivana Puglisi
Secondo
;
Alessandra Pino;Andrea Baglieri;Cinzia Caggia;Cinzia Lucia Randazzo
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

In the present study, a kiwifruit aqueous extract was developed and used as a coagulant enzyme in cheesemaking. In detail, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) was used to investigate the presence of actinidin, the kiwifruit enzyme involved in -casein hydrolysis, in different tissues (pulp, peel, and whole fruit) of ripe and unripe kiwifruits. Data revealed the presence of the enzyme both in the peel and in the pulp of the fruit. Although the aqueous extract obtained from the kiwifruit peel was able to hydrolyze semi-skimmed milk, it did not break down -casein. The aqueous extract obtained from the pulp showed a hydrolytic activity toward both -casein and semi-skimmed milk. The values for milk-clotting and proteolytic activity of the kiwifruit pulp extract were evaluated at different temperatures and pH parameters in order to obtain a high value of the MCA/PA ratio; we found that a temperature of 40 C in combination with a pH value of 5.5 allowed us to obtain the best performance. In addition, the data revealed a higher hydrolytic activity of the enzymatic preparation from ripe kiwifruits than that from unripe ones, suggesting the use of the extract from pulp of ripe kiwifruits in the laboratory-scale cheesemaking. The data showed that 3% (v/v) of the ripe kiwifruit pulp extract determined a curd yield of 20.27%, comparable to chymosin yield. In conclusion, the extraction procedure for kiwifruit aqueous extract proposed in the present study was shown to be a fast, cheap, chemical-free, and ecofriendly technology as a plant coagulant for cheese manufacturing.
vegetable coagulant; plant proteases; actinidin; milk-clotting activity; Actinidia deliciosa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/540079
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