This work investigates the effects of different combinations of selected lactic acid bacteria strains on Lactobacillus species occurrence, on safety and on sensory traits of natural green table olives, produced at large factory scale. Olives belonging to Nocellara Etnea cv were processed in a 6% NaCl brine and inoculated with six different bacterial cultures, using selected strains belonging to Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus pentosus species. The fermentation process was strongly influenced by the added starters and the identification of lactic acid bacteria isolated throughout the process confirms that L. pentosus dominated all fermentations, followed by L. plantarum, whereas L. casei was never detected. Pathogens were never found, while histamine and tyrosine were detected in control and in two experimental samples. The samples with the lowest final pH values showed a safer profile and the most appreciated sensory traits. The present study highlights that selected starters promote prevalence of L. pentosus over the autochthonous microbiota throughout the whole process of Nocellara Etnea olives.e main hypothesis of this study was that the autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) selected for their dairy traits are able to stabilize the production of PDO (Protected Denomination of Origin) Pecorino Siciliano cheese, preserving its typicality. The experimental plan included the application of a multi-strain lactic acid bacteria (LAB) culture, composed of starter (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis CAG4 and CAG37) and non starter (Enterococcus faecalis PSL71, Lactococcus garviae PSL67 and Streptococcus macedonicus PSL72) strains, during the traditional production of cheese at large scale level in six factories located in different areas of Sicily. The cheese making processes were followed from milk to ripened cheeses and the effects of the added LAB were evaluated on the microbiological, chemico-physical and sensorial characteristics of the final products. Results highlighted a high variability for all investigated parameters and the dominance of LAB cocci in bulk milk samples. The experimental curds showed a faster pH drop than control curds and the levels of LAB estimated in 5-month ripened experimental cheeses (7.59 and 7.27 Log CFU/g for rods and cocci, respectively) were higher than those of control cheeses (7.02 and 6.61 Log CFU/g for rods and cocci, respectively). The comparison of the bacterial isolates by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR evidenced the dominance of the added starter lactococci over native milk and vat LAB, while the added non starter LAB were found at almost the same levels of the indigenous strains. The sensory evaluation showed that the mixed LAB culture did not influence the majority of the sensory attributes of the cheeses and that each factory produced cheeses with unique characteristics. Finally, the multivariate statistical analysis based on all parameters evaluated on the ripened cheeses showed the dissimilarities and the relationships among cheeses. Thus, the main hypothesis of the work was accepted since the quality parameters of the final cheeses were stabilized, but all cheeses maintained their local typicality.

Effects of selected bacterial cultures on safety and sensory traits of Nocellara Etnea olives produced at large factory scale

Randazzo CL
Conceptualization
;
Russo N
Investigation
;
Pino A
Data Curation
;
Mazzaglia A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ferrante M
Conceptualization
;
Oliveri Conti G
Methodology
;
Caggia C
Conceptualization
2018-01-01

Abstract

This work investigates the effects of different combinations of selected lactic acid bacteria strains on Lactobacillus species occurrence, on safety and on sensory traits of natural green table olives, produced at large factory scale. Olives belonging to Nocellara Etnea cv were processed in a 6% NaCl brine and inoculated with six different bacterial cultures, using selected strains belonging to Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus pentosus species. The fermentation process was strongly influenced by the added starters and the identification of lactic acid bacteria isolated throughout the process confirms that L. pentosus dominated all fermentations, followed by L. plantarum, whereas L. casei was never detected. Pathogens were never found, while histamine and tyrosine were detected in control and in two experimental samples. The samples with the lowest final pH values showed a safer profile and the most appreciated sensory traits. The present study highlights that selected starters promote prevalence of L. pentosus over the autochthonous microbiota throughout the whole process of Nocellara Etnea olives.e main hypothesis of this study was that the autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) selected for their dairy traits are able to stabilize the production of PDO (Protected Denomination of Origin) Pecorino Siciliano cheese, preserving its typicality. The experimental plan included the application of a multi-strain lactic acid bacteria (LAB) culture, composed of starter (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis CAG4 and CAG37) and non starter (Enterococcus faecalis PSL71, Lactococcus garviae PSL67 and Streptococcus macedonicus PSL72) strains, during the traditional production of cheese at large scale level in six factories located in different areas of Sicily. The cheese making processes were followed from milk to ripened cheeses and the effects of the added LAB were evaluated on the microbiological, chemico-physical and sensorial characteristics of the final products. Results highlighted a high variability for all investigated parameters and the dominance of LAB cocci in bulk milk samples. The experimental curds showed a faster pH drop than control curds and the levels of LAB estimated in 5-month ripened experimental cheeses (7.59 and 7.27 Log CFU/g for rods and cocci, respectively) were higher than those of control cheeses (7.02 and 6.61 Log CFU/g for rods and cocci, respectively). The comparison of the bacterial isolates by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR evidenced the dominance of the added starter lactococci over native milk and vat LAB, while the added non starter LAB were found at almost the same levels of the indigenous strains. The sensory evaluation showed that the mixed LAB culture did not influence the majority of the sensory attributes of the cheeses and that each factory produced cheeses with unique characteristics. Finally, the multivariate statistical analysis based on all parameters evaluated on the ripened cheeses showed the dissimilarities and the relationships among cheeses. Thus, the main hypothesis of the work was accepted since the quality parameters of the final cheeses were stabilized, but all cheeses maintained their local typicality.
Table olives, food safety, Lactobacillus, Biogenic amines
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/335941
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