An olive leaf extract (OLE) has been tested in vitro for its antibacterial activity and ability to inhibit α-glucosidase enzyme. OLE was also evaluated for its potential, when added to pasteurized milk, to preserve nutritional parameters and to limit microbial growth, thus prolonging shelf life. In vitro assays demonstrated a strong antibacterial efficacy of OLE mainly against Bacillus cereus and the capacity to inhibit α-glucosidase enzyme (IC50) when used at 0.2 mg oleuropein/mL. The milk fortification with OLE at 3.6 mg of oleuropein/mL of milk reduced total mesophilic bacteria at undetectable level after 6 d (expiration date) and by 1 log CFU/mL after 10 d. Moreover, OLE addition at 1.44 and 3.6 mg of oleuropein/mL of milk significantly reduced fat and lactose losses up to 10 d. The results motivate the use of the OLE to make a new functional milk with an extended shelf life.

Addition of Olive Leaf Extract (OLE) for Producing Fortified Fresh Pasteurized Milk with An Extended Shelf Life

Rosa Palmeri
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lucia Parafati
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Daniela Trippa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Laura Siracusa
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Elena Arena
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cristina Restuccia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Biagio Fallico
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

An olive leaf extract (OLE) has been tested in vitro for its antibacterial activity and ability to inhibit α-glucosidase enzyme. OLE was also evaluated for its potential, when added to pasteurized milk, to preserve nutritional parameters and to limit microbial growth, thus prolonging shelf life. In vitro assays demonstrated a strong antibacterial efficacy of OLE mainly against Bacillus cereus and the capacity to inhibit α-glucosidase enzyme (IC50) when used at 0.2 mg oleuropein/mL. The milk fortification with OLE at 3.6 mg of oleuropein/mL of milk reduced total mesophilic bacteria at undetectable level after 6 d (expiration date) and by 1 log CFU/mL after 10 d. Moreover, OLE addition at 1.44 and 3.6 mg of oleuropein/mL of milk significantly reduced fat and lactose losses up to 10 d. The results motivate the use of the OLE to make a new functional milk with an extended shelf life.
α-glucosidase inhibition; Bacillus cereus; mesophilic bacteria; nutrient losses
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/367464
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