Quality, microbiological and enzymatic characteristics of fresh-cut lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. longifolia,‘Duende’), grown in floating system with three electrical conductivities of nutrient solutions (2.8,3.8 and 4.8mScm−1), were investigated in order to evaluate the effect of salinity on product shelf-lifeduring cold storage (9 d at 4 ◦C). Pre-harvest salinity of 3.8 and 4.8mScm−1 improved the properties offresh-cut lettuce, since CO2 production was reduced with a subsequent control of the decay process.Fresh-cut processing caused an activation of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase; in all cases the productobtained by salinity treatments was less subject to oxidase activity and browning phenomena during storage.Increased salinity reduced the number of mesophilic bacteria and of moulds and yeasts, assessedby plate counts on different culture media; in contrast, Enterobacteriaceae levels were unaffected bypre-harvest treatments. The research demonstrated that an increase in nutrient solution electrical conductivity,through the use of floating system, affects fresh-cut lettuce characteristics, improving shelf-lifeof the product.

Salinity of nutrient solution influences the shelf-life of fresh-cut lettuce grown in floating system

RESTUCCIA, Cristina;BARBAGALLO, Riccardo Nunzio;CAGGIA, Cinzia;GIUFFRIDA, FRANCESCO
2011

Abstract

Quality, microbiological and enzymatic characteristics of fresh-cut lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. longifolia,‘Duende’), grown in floating system with three electrical conductivities of nutrient solutions (2.8,3.8 and 4.8mScm−1), were investigated in order to evaluate the effect of salinity on product shelf-lifeduring cold storage (9 d at 4 ◦C). Pre-harvest salinity of 3.8 and 4.8mScm−1 improved the properties offresh-cut lettuce, since CO2 production was reduced with a subsequent control of the decay process.Fresh-cut processing caused an activation of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase; in all cases the productobtained by salinity treatments was less subject to oxidase activity and browning phenomena during storage.Increased salinity reduced the number of mesophilic bacteria and of moulds and yeasts, assessedby plate counts on different culture media; in contrast, Enterobacteriaceae levels were unaffected bypre-harvest treatments. The research demonstrated that an increase in nutrient solution electrical conductivity,through the use of floating system, affects fresh-cut lettuce characteristics, improving shelf-lifeof the product.
Electrical conductivity; Soilless system; Microbial growth
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11769/828
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